You may not see them often, but these tiny diggers are on their way to extinction. Endangered birds are those facing extinction, and South Africa is home to some of these very special species, which are always incredible to spot in their natural habitat. Please log in again. Along with plenty of other flightless birds, African wild dogs are seeing habitat loss at an alarming rate. The Cross River Gorilla in the Congo jungle, one of the most at risk species in the world, A Western Lowland Gorilla gives the camera the eye. Seahorses are good at camouflaging, making it hard to spot them and conduct research. The giant ground pangolin is the largest in the pangolin family. The rabbit can be identified by a distinctive black stripe that runs from the corner of the mouth over the cheeks and the white rings around the eyes. It is endemic to the eastern and southern part of Africa. Gabon currently has the most stable population of African forest elephants. #13 - African Lion By conducting community outreach programs to educate residents living near habitats, vaccinating animals against deadly diseases, and advocating for governments to place bans on illegal trading activities. Blue Whales are predominantly found along the South African coast … Current Population: Fewer than 670 remain in the wild. Their near extinction arose from the increased demand for horns to be used in traditional Asian and consumed by the upper-middle class citizens as a symbol of wealth in Vietnam. Their habitats have been destroyed by human settlement and agriculture and many die as result of chronic droughts in the desert. This rabbit is one of the most endangered terrestrial mammals in South Africa. The Rothschild’s giraffe is distinguishable from other types of giraffe by the five ossicones on its head whereas other species have two. South Africa's Endangered Bird Species. From chimpanzees to lemurs to hippos, it can seem there is no animal free from the threat of extinction in Africa. I have been Listing African animals by Conservation status. For a complete list of endangered species in Africa, browse the Africa endangered species list. In countries like Namibia, rhinos are an important source of income from ecotourism. These grey-brown coloured endangered mammals are characterized by two horns and are known as hooked-lipped rhinoceros. Yes, there are penguins in Africa! Mammals dwelling in or that migrate to North Atlantic islands off the western coast of Africa. African elephant numbers are also negatively affected by habitat loss and degradation and human-wildlife conflicts. The black rhino is one of many of Africa’s endangered species. Current Population: Estimated at around 22,000 left in the wild. Golden Moles rank surprisingly high on the list of most endangered animals in South Africa; with five different species reaching the top ten most endangered mammals in the country. In honour of Endangered Species Day, we have listed five species of magnificent animals of Africa that are heartbreakingly listed as endangered species. Unlike other dogs, which have five toes one their forefeet, the African wild dog has four toes on its forefeet. This species has seen a significant reduction in its population due to several factors, namely diseases in the Bale Mountains, rabies and subsistence farming in the Ethiopian highlands. They are also known as Cape pangolins or Temminck’s pangolin. Vulnerable: A species considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. A hippo with its impressive mouth open in Kruger National Park. They have two horns on their snouts the front horn is 50 cm long on average and it can grow up to 140 cm. The continent of Africa is home to many unique animals, some of which are endangered. The African wild dog is one of the most successful hunters on the African plains, and are highly social and intelligent animals. The African wild dog, which weighs from 37 to 80 pounds and has a mottled, brown and black coat, hunts for hoofed animals … The horns are made from the same material found in human hair and nails; keratin. Seven endangered South African species we should protect in 2020 The health of an ecosystem is maintained by its plants and animals. Solitary in nature, they develop a strong mother and calf bond only. Do you remember the last time you bought that gorgeous pair of stilettos made from genuine cheetah fur? Elephant, you sure do take up a lot of space. Several smaller mammal species are also endangered. Endangered species found in South Africa: It is similar to the coyote in size and build, and is distinguished by its long and narrow skull, and its red and white fur. The Rothschild’s giraffe is now listed as one of the most endangered animals in Africa – in 2010 there were thought to be less than 670 individuals. This is a list of the mammal species recorded in South Africa.There are 299 mammal species in South Africa, of which two are critically endangered, eleven are endangered, fifteen are vulnerable, and thirteen are near threatened.Two of the species listed for South Africa are considered to be extinct. Of these 26,500 endangered species in Africa, the below list details all African mammals and birds that are currently classified in one of these 3 groups of at-risk species: Critically Endangered: A species considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. The population numbers of the Blue Whale are more difficult to estimate and predict compared too many of the Earth’s amazing creatures. It has been very helpful. Are you a friend or foe? Rhino horn is still a valuable commodity, but after a century of wildlife conservation, anti-poaching efforts, and increasing the number of protected areas, and there are now around 20,000 of these stunning animals thriving in national parks and private game reserves across Southern Africa. Tanzania is one of the last places on earth you can spot them all in one day. Along with disease and habitat loss, these animals also have to face off against larger predators (such as lions) when it comes to competing for food, all while also dodging humans. In 1895 these creatures had been hunted into virtual extinction, with an estimated 100 left in South Africa. They are characterized by large trunks, used for communication and handling objects, mammoth-sized incisors called tusks that are used in fights and for marking, feeding and digging, and large ears which allow them to radiate heat. Current Population: Estimated at around 14,000 left in the wild. . Chimpanzees are found in the Congo jungle. They prefer evergreen and moist forested surroundings found in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Upper Guinea, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Using the total count of species found on this site as an official count of endangered species of the world is not recommended. 1. other notable mention include the Addax,Pygmy Hippopotamus,cheetah, lion, African elephant,pangolin etc. Current Population: About 500 of them are left in the wild. are working feverishly to protect wildlife and to increase the population of endangered species. Are you as smart as a chimpanzee? The Knysna seahorse is an exclusively South African species. Northern white rhinos, also known as the square-lipped rhinoceros due to their square upper lip, are the second largest land mammal in the world. The Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a critically endangered species of rhinoceros. The Pickersgill’s Reed frog unwilling leaped its way to number 6 on this list because of the number of threats it faces. African elephant in the bush of South Africa. The African penguins are the only penguins found on the African content. Two southern white rhinos – no longer an African endangered species. This species is threatened by the destruction of their habitat through human activities and human-wildlife conflict and are susceptible to diseases spread by domestic animals. Learn all you wanted to know about 10 endangered and critically endangered African animals with facts and animal descriptions. The Black rhino is native to eastern and southern Africa. The Riverine Rabbit (Bunolagus monticularis) is one of the world's rarest and most endangered mammals and is South Africa's most endangered wildlife species. In the winter, it is greyish brown with white hindquarters and legs; in the summer, the coat turns almost white or sandy blonde. Rothschild’s giraffes are threatened by predators such as humans, hyenas, lions, crocodiles, and leopards. The African elephant is among the most endangered animals in Africa. Dear Cheetah, how did they catch you to put you on this list? The Red List Index. The terms endangered animals and endangered species include all those groups of organisms and life forms that are facing the threat of extinction due to human induced factors such as deforestation, poaching, hunting, animal cruelty, animal experimentation, etc. Pangolin Globally, all eight species of pangolin are under enormous threat as they are the most trafficked animal in the world. . The most endangered African animals: The Black Rhino by gmacfadyen The Black Rhino is often referred to as the hook-lipped rhino while the White Rhino is sometimes known as the square-lipped rhino. Hey Mr. Addax, also known as the white antelope, lives in the Sahara desert. These species cover plants as well as animals, and are made up of amphibians, birds, conifers, coral reefs, crustaceans, mammals, and sharks & rays. Learn about all the amazing animals in Africa. Take a safari in Africa to see some of the critically endangered animal species. Research conducted by scientists show that 95%-98% of humans and chimps DNA are similar. Note/Disclaimer: This list is made possible through a database keyword search/filtering process which may not be 100% accurate. The Ethiopian wolf is distinguished by its tawny red fur with a white underbelly, a blaze on its chest and white fur on its throat that sweeps up and covers the underside of its muscle. Lions, said to be the king of the jungle, were found throughout Africa, Asia and parts of Europe, now they are only found in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and in a small population in Asia, specifically India’s Gir Forest. Lions are the only cats that live in groups called prides. The over-harvesting of their eggs for food and guano for fertilizer are two reasons for their endangered status. Your next trip should be to … Black rhinos generally weigh 850-1,600 kg and in some exceptional cases, adult males can weigh close to 1,800 kg. They live in matriarchal family units led by an older cow and made up of adult cows with their daughters and sub-adult sons. The cheetah is mainly hunted for its tan coat covered in solid black spots. African elephant numbers are also negatively affected by habitat loss and degradation and human-wildlife conflicts. Endangered: A species considered to be facing a very high risk of extinction in the wild. The range of its habitat stretches from West Africa to Uganda. The lion, leopard, African buffalo, endangered black rhino, and elephant make up the legendary Big Five. Chimpanzees have become endangered due to poaching, habitat destruction and the illegal pet trade. Rhinos, one of the oldest groups of mammals. Isolated populations can be found roaming the savannahs, grasslands and open woodlands of Uganda’s and Kenya’s National Parks. In fact, the closes living relatives to the hippo are whales, dolphins, and pigs. Foundations such as the Oxford University Ethiopian Wolf Conservation Program are working to halt their extinction by vaccinating the wolves and through community outreach. Call us on +1 (206) 279-1367 between 10am - 4pm EST. Did you know that the Grevy’s zebra can run up to 40 miles per hour? The African elephant, aka Savanna Elephant, is the largest living terrestrial mammal in the world. Disclaimer: This list combines species from several endangered species lists. Adult females and some males are bright green in color with yellow and white stripes. For a full list of tips and tricks on how you can help endangered wildlife in your area and the world, head to WorldWildlife.org. It is found in western Kenya and eastern Uganda and it has broader dividing white lines than the reticulated giraffe and no spotting below the knees. How much longer taller can your neck grow? According to Dictionary.com, an endangered species is an animal species existing in such small numbers that it is in danger of becoming extinct, especially such a species placed in jeopardy as a result of human activity. Current Population: Around 52,000 mature individuals remain in rapid decline. An interesting fact about the white antelope is that the color of its coat depends on the season. African elephants made the endangered list because, despite a ban being placed on the international trade in ivory, they are still poached for their tusks which are made from ivory, meat, and skin. The IUCN Red List Index (RLI) provides a clearer view of real trends within different taxonomic groups, and for biodiversity as a whole.. Photo: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ The RLI is available for groups in which all species have been assessed at least twice. Current Population: Less than 250 breeding pairs, and declining. That’s the complete list of Africa’s endangered animals (looking at mammals and birds only). Their natural habitat is being destroyed with the removal of the natural vegetation along the rivers and streams which lead to a reduction in its population. African elephants are the world largest land animals. The hippo is a large and round ungulate that prefers spending most of its time in the water. Once upon a time, they inhabited the grasslands and savannas of Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Kenya in East Africa. The African Wild Dog is not only one of the most endangered animals in Africa, but also one of the most endangered mammals in the world. The good news is that the governments of African countries where the endangered and critically endangered animals live have put several strategies to conserve them. In rapid decline caused by poaching. The 20 best malaria-free safari destinations, The 6 greatest animal migrations in Africa. Sudan, the only male, Najin, and Fatu live in the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya. Current Population: Estimates place them at 3,000 to 5,500 in total. Therefore, all endangered species of South Africa may not be listed here. Best places to see Rothschild’s giraffes: Thanks! Each year their numbers continue to decrease as a result of habitat destruction, human-wildlife conflicts and trophy hunting. When species become endangered, it is … Rhino Horns are in high demand. . Keep reading: 10 Mysterious Monsters of Africa, You can get in touch with us on firstname.lastname@example.org. Who is the king of the jungle? This is largely due to decades of habitat fragmentation, infectious diseases, and both accidental and targeted killings by humans. Ground pangolins are found in southern and eastern Africa. Mountain gorillas can look rather shaggy! More recently, the population has reduced significantly due to over-fishing and oil spills. Let us look into the beautiful creatures whose existence we are threatening. Each horn can grow up to 50 inches in length. Oh and no they do not bark, instead, they communicate by touch, action, and vocalizations. As poaching continues to be a problem, the populations drop. Despite their size, they are frequently hunted for their horn which has led to their near extinction. The Knysna Seahorse is one of two endangered seahorse species in the world. Subscribe to get special offers and the latest offers from the Afrikanza team. The Grevy’s zebra, also known as the imperial zebra, is the most threatened of the three species of zebra. Follow us for instant access to all of our best safari & wildlife content. “You look like you will be able to make a good stew,’ says the farm worker as he uses a gin trap to catch the riverine rabbit. Thank you for caring. Related: These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. Current Population: Around 880 of these great apes remain in the wild. When species are referred to as endangered, it’s generally accepted that they will be in one of three specific Red List categories: So far, more than 96,500 species globally have been assessed by IUCN for the Red List, of which more than 26,500 are threatened with extinction. And while you will find endangered animals all over the world, South Africa has its own fair share of endangered species. List of Endangered Animals in Africa African savanna elephant | (Loxodonta africana) The African bush elephant has the privilege of being the largest living terrestrial animal. You too can help to protect endangered species by practicing reforestation, inhibiting the use of pesticides and herbicides, and refusing to purchase products made from species near extinction. The Southern White Rhino is one such success story. The most endangered African animals: The Pygmy Blue Whale by millerm217 The Blue Whale is the largest known animal on earth, ever, reaching sizes larger than the prehistoric reptiles, the dinosaurs. It covers an area of 471,000 square miles. Black bellied pangolins also known as long-tailed pangolins. Even though chimps and chimps are considered as the closest species to humans they are still being hunted by humans. Currently, there are three northern white rhinos in the world. Discover African animals you've never heard of, and learn amazing facts about the ones you have! Currently, the Index is available for five groups : birds, mammals, amphibians, corals and cycads. There are over 1,100 species of mammals and 2,600 species of birds in Africa. 3. A canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands, this is another of Africa’s endangered animal species losing its way due to the overpopulation of ourselves. Despite its speed, the cheetah population has seen a significant reduction in recent years. List of Endangered Species One out of four of the world’s mammals and over 40 percent of amphibians are threatened with extinction due to human activity, including habitat destruction, overexploitation, climate change, and pollution, as well as human overpopulation. They have very thick fur which helps them to survive in habitats with low temperatures. Current Population: Estimated at around 600,000 left in the wild. The mountain gorilla population is split in two with more than half of the population living in the Virunga Mountains that border the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda and the remaining found in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda. Pickersgills’s Reed Frog is a species of frogs endemic to South Africa where it lives in a small area of coastal wetlands. Sadly the net number of African endangered species has been increasing over the years, but there are some conservation success stories where animal species are actually removed from the endangered list. Their thick furs also make them a target of poachers. The nation has plenty of distinct ecological systems where various plants and animals are found. Each year the Red List places species into one of nine categories: Not Evaluated, Data Deficient, Least Concern, Near Threatened, Vulnerable, Endangered, Critically Endangered, Extinct in the Wild, and Extinct. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. The amazingly scaled Temminck’s ground pangolin. In 1964 the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) established their ‘Red List of Threatened Species’. Bonobo chimp – human’s closest animal relative, Chimpanzee with baby on its back in Rubondo National Park. Thank you very much for the Article. Here are some other endangered animals in South Africa, as well as easy ways to contribute towards their conservation. Of course, many of them are in parks and game reserves, where their population numbers can be monitored and, to some extent, protected.. Regionally Extinct: Gambia, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Togo. Unfortunately, the list of endangered wildlife in Africa goes on. Cheetahs could be once found throughout Africa and Asia but being illegal hunted has significantly reduced their population Now they can only found in small numbers in parts of eastern, central and south-western Africa and a small portion of Asia. Their habitats are found in South Africa. A giraffe's neck can be an astonishing 20 feet in height. To increase their numbers they have been placed in captive, breeding programs in reserves all over the world. This article explores the list of endangered animals in Africa – which species are on the list, and just how endangered they are. African wild dogs are dealing with a number of concerns that have decimated their population to a mere 1,409, making them an endangered species. Black Rhino (Diceros bicornis) The black rhino is one of many of Africa’s endangered species. Islands off the western coast of Africa of Uganda ’ s zebra run... And southern part of Africa, you can close it and return to this page it lives in the.. African hunting dog, is the most endangered animals in Africa – which species are on their snouts the horn... In matriarchal family units led by an older cow and made up of adult cows with their daughters and sons... 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