deforestation in ghana pdf

It is estimated that globally, deforestation and forest degradation account for around 11 percent of CO 2 emissions. Policymakers and international organizations are making the conscious effort to address climate change through afforestation and sustainable ecosystem management. Typically, deforestation is clearing a lot of trees without the intention of establishing future growth. The most important channel of the effect of SAP on deforestation resulted from the conversion of forestland to crop farming, particularly … Ghana has one of the highest deforestation rates in Africa and the world, at 2% per annum [22]. Ghana’s forest cover has shrunk from 8.2 million hectares to … Ghana’s REDD+ Strategy is also well-anchored within a very favourable policy environment. Introduction and Commitment In line with our Credo, we want to be recognized as a com - pany which cares for the environment. The deforestation rate is 2.0% leading to an annual loss of around 135,000 ha. FAO’s support also helps countries during the later implementation phase of REDD+. In addition, the Civil Society Organizations and … The paper reveals a negative impact of structural adjustment on deforestation in Ghana through both direct and indirect channels. Ghana’s deforestation pathway is one of incremental degradation leading to deforestation. The Frameworks for Action for ôte d’Ivoire and Ghana define core commitments, verifiable actions, and timebound targets required for a deforestation-free and forest-positive supply chain. This paper is structured into seven sections. In Ghana, the average annual deforestation within protected forest reserves was estimated at 0.6% between 1990 and 2015 (Acheampong et al. Ongoing deforestation in Ghana A new study by Tropenbos International, focusing on three Ghanaian Forest Reserves (FRs), found that agricultural encroachment — largely driven by cocoa — has increased almost ten-fold since 2010, causing the degradation of 30 to … The primary objective of this paper is to analyze the long-run and short-run effects of intersectoral labor mobility and its determinants on deforestation in Ghana. Farm-level renovation of cocoa farms. The West African state of Ghana has a forest cover of 9.6 million hectares or 42% of the land area. IUCN (2006), estimated 3% per year deforestation rate for Ghana. country report on Ghana confirms the fact that two thirds of the population and most of Ghana’s economic activities (cocoa, timber and mineral production) are concentrated in its forested areas (also GPRS). The sector, however, faced several problems. The principal drivers of deforestation and degradation, in order of relevance, have been identified as REDD Readiness Requires Radical Reform | 2degrees - readiness in Ghana. It is difficult to have reliable data on the actual rate of tropical forest resources and deforestation because of the different methods of forest resources assessment in tropical countries and the lack of uniform and generally accepted definitions (Goldsmith 1998). Environmental and social dynamics of deforestation and cocoa, looking at the case of Wassa Amenfi West District; 2. It examines the driving forces behind and evaluates policy options for addressing the problem of biodiversity loss. The Governments of ôte d’Ivoire and Ghana establish national strategies, policy environments, and governance structures for CFI implementation. Economic activities including agriculture, mining, and infra-structure improvement to meet basic human needs continuously degrade the natural and forest resources. 2019). Due to Ghana’s high economic dependence on natural resources, the country now has one of the highest deforestation rates in Africa, at 3.6% per annum. Between 1990 and 2000, Ghana lost an average of 135,000 hectares of forest per year; amounting to an average annual deforestation rate of 2% [1,23–25]. The recent FAO 2010 report has estimated Ghana’s deforestation at 135 395 ha per year. 2 Deforestation and habitat conversion. Cocoa plays a critically important role in the local and national economies, providing jobs, improved livelihoods and social Between 2000 and 2005, Ghana’s forests decreased A REDD Solution to a Green Problem 81 carbon from the atmosphere.3 Tropical forests represent most of the forest lands in developing nations, accounting for 42 per cent of the world’s forests.4 Ghana is located on the West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea, in a tropical climate, Halting deforestation is a cost-effective action that has a clear impact in reducing global GHG emissions. The most important was severe deforestation.A century ago, Ghana's tropical hardwood forest extended from about the middle of the country southward to the sea. 12 There are emerging opportunities for sustainable forest financing especially through Carbon Credit schemes which the country needs to take advantage of to develop the forestry sector. Deforestation in Ghana: Explaining the Chronic - Deforestation in Ghana is a research-based analytical study that explains the disconnect between the declared deforestation policy intentions and their outcomes in Ghana. In our recent past, Ghana … This study seeks to examine the causes and consequences of forest loss and therefore biodiversity loss in Ghana. Causes of deforestation The causes of deforestation are numerous, interrelated and complex in nature. Harvesting, forest fires, and insect infestations do not count as deforestation because the affected areas will eventually grow back. The Supplier Code of Conduct sets out the requirements expected from our sup - In section 2, a review of the relevant literature is undertaken. Experiences, challenges, and future perspectives with land use planning in Ghana cocoa forest landscape; and 4. The forests of Ghana, especially in the southwestern part of the country, host a wide range of wildlife including several globally threatened, rare, or endemic plant and an- Moreover, nearly half the country was covered with forests, which included 680 species of trees and several varieties of mahoganies. SUPPORTING DEFORESTATION-FREE COCOA IN GHANA: IMPLEMENTATION PLAN 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 COCOA DEFORESTATION AND CLIMATE CHALLENGES Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire together produce two-thirds of the world’s cocoa. The forests belong to the Guineo-Conglean phytogeographical region and contain numerous valuable timber species. The forest resources in Ghana are being depleted at an alarming rate. [ 2 ] Drivers of Deforestation and Forest Degradation: A Synthesis Report for REDD+ Policymakers Acronym list a/r Afforestation and reforestation CbFM Community-based forest management CiFor Centre for International Forestry Research CGiar Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research CoP Conference of the Parties eu European Union Fao Food and Agriculture Organization of … Farm-level clarification and documentation of land and tree tenure rights; 3. In addition to From 2013 to 2015, the annual deforestation rate in Ghana rose to 794,214 ha per annum. The latter is comparatively high in tropical Africa. DEFORESTATION IN GHANA •Ghana’s Cocoa Forest landscape has one of the highest deforestation rates in Africa, at 3.2% per annum •Over a quarter (27%) of agriculture conversion results from cocoa expansion, making it the single most important commodity driver of deforestation in the area. Ghana has lost about US$134 million gross revenue due to the high deforestation in t he tropical forest (Damnyag et al., 2011, FAO 2010). maJor causes of deforesTaTIon In ghana In Ghana, deforestation is the result of a number of economic activities: legal and illicit logging, clearing trees to increase arable land, fuel wood extraction and mining. 1 FAO, 2010. This study assesses the wood waste generation, its management practices, and its effects on the forests in Ghana. Based on deforestation rate and remaining forest cover 100 (sub)tropical non-Annex I countries were grouped into four forest transition phases. deforestation and forest degradation in Ghana. Recent years have also seen a marked increase in the deforestation rate. 1. 11 But it has also resulted in deforestation elsewhere, including in Cameroon, Indonesia and Peru. the turn of the last century (2.7 million hectares)1, Ghanas deforestation rate has been approximately 3% per year (320,803 ha/year) since 2000. From the countrys original forest cover of 8.2 million hectares at the beginning of the 20th Century only an estimated 1.6 million hectares remain. The biggest impact has been in Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana where cocoa production is estimated to have been responsible for about one quarter of historical deforestation in Cote d’Ivoire and nearly 15 per cent in the high-forest zone of Ghana. sectors contributed to deforestation in Ghana over the same period? deforestation and forest degradation in cocoa landscapes whilst addressing other drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in Ghana’s High Forest Zone. Energy and deforestation in Ghana: A study of woodfuel-deforestation links in rural Ghana The emphasis of land cultivation is on cocoa and maize because cocoa is the major export earner for the Ghanaian economy and … Driver data of 46 countries were summarized for each phase and by continent, and were used as a proxy … In a 2016 report [pdf p.3], the Forestry Commission, a government agency, said nearly 80% of Ghana’s forest resources under state management had been lost to illegal logging activity since 1990. It also makes recommendations for an optimal strategy for the sustainable use of the forest and therefore the conservation of biodiversity. Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to utilize the land or trees. Deforestation of Ghana’s primary forests jumped 60 percent between 2017 and 2018 – the biggest jump of any tropical country. and 2005, for example, Ghana lost about 1,931,000 hectares of forest, equivalent to 26 percent of total tree cover (Amisah et al, 2009). This paper unravels the hitherto unknown drivers of deforestation and/or forest degradation, and the causes of climate variability and change (CVC), by assessing their synergy based on participants self-reported cases in the Ejisu-Juaben Municipality, Ashanti Region, Ghana. SAP, DEFORESTATION AND BIODIVERSITY LOSS IN GHANA 339 and greater timber extraction, have been the proximate causes of forest loss in Ghana. Annex 2: CFI Action Plans Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire13 CFI Action Plan Ghana 14 ... NO-DEFORESTATION AND AGROFORESTRY ACTION PLAN. Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi ... 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